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Malaysia lies in the tropics within latitudes 1°-8°N and longitudes 100°-119°E and consists of Peninsular Malaysia, and the states of Sabah and Sarawak. Peninsular Malaysia is bounded by seas on all sides, except in the north where it is joined to the Asia mainland via Thailand. Sabah and Sarawak are located on the northern part of Borneo Island. The two land masses are about 1,200 km apart, separated by the South China Sea . The East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia faces the South China Sea , as do Sarawak and the western part of Sabah. The West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia, however, is bordered mainly by the Straits of Malacca.